What Is a Leaps Contract

What is a Leaps Contract?

Leaps, also known as Long-Term Equity Anticipation Securities, are a type of options contract that gives investors the right to buy or sell an underlying asset, such as a stock or exchange-traded fund (ETF), at a predetermined price on or before a specific date in the future.

Unlike traditional options contracts, which typically expire within a few months, leaps contracts have longer-term expiration dates, usually ranging from six months to a few years. This longer-term horizon gives investors more flexibility and time to manage their investments and potentially profit from favorable market conditions.

Benefits of Leaps Contracts

One of the primary benefits of using leaps contracts is that they allow investors to participate in the movement of the underlying asset at a fraction of the cost of buying the asset outright. That`s because leaps contracts only require investors to pay a fraction of the total cost of the underlying asset, known as the option premium.

For example, let`s say the current market price of a stock is $100 per share. If an investor wanted to buy 100 shares of the stock outright, they would need to pay $10,000. However, if the investor instead purchased one leaps contract for the same underlying stock, with a strike price of $100 and an expiration date two years in the future, they might only need to pay a fraction of the total cost, such as $500, depending on the option premium.

Another benefit of leaps contracts is that they allow investors to manage risk more effectively. By purchasing leaps contracts, investors can limit their potential losses to the amount of the option premium, while potentially profiting from favorable market conditions if the underlying asset rises in price.

Finally, leaps contracts can be a useful tool for long-term investors who want to hold onto a position for an extended period while maintaining the flexibility to exit the position if necessary. This can be particularly useful in volatile markets where prices may fluctuate dramatically over shorter time frames.


Overall, leaps contracts are a unique and powerful tool for investors looking to participate in the movements of underlying assets over a longer time horizon. By providing more flexibility, lower costs, and greater control over risk, leaps can be a valuable addition to any investment strategy. As with any investment, though, it`s important to consult with a financial advisor before making any significant decisions.

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